Manage Applications against Extra Cluster Managers#

New in version 1.6.0.



Inside Kyuubi, the Kyuubi server uses the ApplicationManager module to manage all applications launched by itself, including different kinds of Kyuubi engines and self-contained applications.

The ApplicationManager leverages methods provided by application operation implementations derived from org.apache.kyuubi.engine.ApplicationOperation to monitor the status of those applications and kill abnormal applications in case they get orphaned and may introduce more methods in the future.

An ApplicationOperation implementation is usually built upon clients or APIs provided by cluster managers, such as Hadoop YARN, Kubernetes, etc.

For now, Kyuubi has already supported several built-in application operations:

  • JpsApplicationOperation: an operation that can manage apps with a local process, e.g. a local mode spark application

  • YarnApplicationOperation: an operation that can manage apps with a Hadoop Yarn cluster, e.g. a spark on yarn application

  • KubernetesApplicationOperation: an operation that can manage apps with a k8s cluster, e.g. a spark on k8s application

Besides those built-in ones, Kyuubi also supports loading custom ApplicationOperation through the Java ServiceLoader (SPI) for extra cluster managers.

The rest of this article will show you the specifications and steps to build and enable a custom operation.

trait ApplicationOperation {

   * Step for initializing the instance.
  def initialize(conf: KyuubiConf): Unit

   * Step to clean up the instance
  def stop(): Unit

   * Called before other method to do a quick skip
   * @param clusterManager the underlying cluster manager or just local instance
  def isSupported(clusterManager: Option[String]): Boolean

   * Kill the app/engine by the unique application tag
   * @param tag the unique application tag for engine instance.
   *            For example,
   *            if the Hadoop Yarn is used, for spark applications,
   *            the tag will be preset via spark.yarn.tags
   * @return a message contains response describing how the kill process.
   * @note For implementations, please suppress exceptions and always return KillResponse
  def killApplicationByTag(tag: String): KillResponse

   * Get the engine/application status by the unique application tag
   * @param tag the unique application tag for engine instance.
   * @return [[ApplicationInfo]]
  def getApplicationInfoByTag(tag: String): ApplicationInfo
  * (killed or not, hint message)
type KillResponse = (Boolean, String)

An ApplicationInfo is used to represented the application information, including application id, name, state, url address and error message.

object ApplicationState extends Enumeration {
  type ApplicationState = Value

case class ApplicationInfo(
    id: String,
    name: String,
    state: ApplicationState,
    url: Option[String] = None,
    error: Option[String] = None)

For application state mapping, you can reference the implementation of yarn:

def toApplicationState(state: YarnApplicationState): ApplicationState = state match {
  case YarnApplicationState.NEW => ApplicationState.PENDING
  case YarnApplicationState.NEW_SAVING => ApplicationState.PENDING
  case YarnApplicationState.SUBMITTED => ApplicationState.PENDING
  case YarnApplicationState.ACCEPTED => ApplicationState.PENDING
  case YarnApplicationState.RUNNING => ApplicationState.RUNNING
  case YarnApplicationState.FINISHED => ApplicationState.FINISHED
  case YarnApplicationState.FAILED => ApplicationState.FAILED
  case YarnApplicationState.KILLED => ApplicationState.KILLED
  case _ =>
    warn(s"The yarn driver state: $state is not supported, " +
      "mark the application state as UNKNOWN.")

Build A Custom Application Operation#

  • reference kyuubi-server

  • create a custom class which implements the org.apache.kyuubi.engine.ApplicationOperation.

  • create a directory and a file with org.apache.kyuubi.engine.ApplicationOperation:

    then add your fully-qualified name of custom application operation into the file.

Enable Custom Application Operation#


Kyuubi uses Java SPI to load the custom Application Operation

  • compile and put the jar into $KYUUBI_HOME/jars